Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Industrial Revolution-Gilded Age - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 830 Downloads: 8 Date added: 2019/05/15 Category History Essay Level High school Tags: Industrial Revolution Essay Did you like this example? Historians argue that the 1890s was a transformative decade or watershed decade in American history. The Gilded age coined by Mark Twain, the idea that although things appear to be good on the surface, several problems existed underneath. Mark Twain was inferring that the United States in this period did not experience an era of prosperity and happiness, but rather an era of hardship and sadness. The Gilded Age was a period of intense industrialization, which focused on the development of America, as an industrial and business powered country. During The Gilded Age there were many scientific breakthroughs, social transformations and technological innovations. This era was composed of economic growth, especially in the North and West. The Gilded Age represented the rapid expansion of industrialization, expansion of the middle class, and mass production. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "The Industrial Revolution-Gilded Age" essay for you Create order These new advantages only benefited upper-middle class, businesses and white men. The unskilled, uneducated, and the poor did not benefit. These improvements reinforced the faith of ordinary people in the process. Many had faith in the system but due to the growing economy and imperfect economic status, there were two economic systems that emerged. The first is Laissez-Faire, which was developed by Adam Smith. Laissez-Faire was a belief that the government should have a hands-off approach to businesses. Laissez-Faire sought to demonstrate how the unrestricted pursuit of private gain by individuals must maximize the profit of all. This process is called the invisible hand, which lets people do as they choose. The market is not man-made or invented its the invisible hand, you want to buy it, I want to sell it. Therefore the government cannot intervene. It describes a system or point of view that opposes regulation or interference by the government in economic affairs beyond the minimum necessary to allow the free enterprise system to operate according to its own laws. In others words, individual as a moral and economic ideal. Which means that you were responsible for yourself and that everyone starts off on the same boat. Laissez-Faire was saying that individuals should compete freely in the marketplace where people and businesses exchange goods and services. This hands off policy by the government resulted in a weak democracy for workers. Ordinary working people did not have any power; business owners had all the power. Most people accepted that poverty and hardship were not things that the government could or should do anything about. Others believed that one competition was no doubt inequality; some would gain more than others (Week 3 Lecture Notes). This led to Social Darwinism. During the Gilded Age, large numbers of businessmen and middle-class Americans adopted the social outlook known as Social Darwinism. Social Darwinism was a misinterpretation of how natural selection and the theory of evolution worked, that was used to justify or explain a lot of the social inequalities in this time period. Social Darwinism was used to defend inequality. More or less the conflict between social groups which results in the most socially capable or fit group coming out on top as the winner, usually in influence and wealth. The thought that rich people would succeed and poor people would fail. Nature is entirely neutral; nature submits to him who most energetically and resolutely assails her. She grants her rewards to the fittest, therefore without to other considerations of any kind. (Sumner 35). The fittest are successful those who arent fit arent successful. To fix the inequality take from the rich and give to the poor this is called redistribution of wealth. Social Darwinism argues that youre poor because youre lazy and the penalty of being lazy is being poor. On that note, the government isnt responsible for you, taking peoples taxes is indeed keeping the un-fittest alive., In other words, dont take tax dollars and give it to people its not fair. The growing influence of Social Darwinism helped to popularize a negative definition of freedom as limited government and an unrestrained free market. It also helped persuade courts, in the name of liberty contract to overturn state laws regulating the behavior of corporations. Inferring that if the rich gives money to the poor, which they were willing to do, but if this happens theyll destroy liberty and economic freedom. (Week 3 Lecture Notes). The American Society was reflective of these long lasting changes. One major reflection was the working class. There were many problems associated with the working class. The working class was divided by race, religion, class and education. They lived terrible lives, nothing compared to the upper and second class. The upper-class lived a nearly perfect life. Most lived in a five-room house with a nice yard; a convenient place for children. Second-class lived with comparative comfort. Both upper and second class made enough money to support their families. However, in contrast to the working class, they were getting paid almost nothing. The wages that workers were getting paid could hardly support a family. Entire families went to work, including women. Housing presented the most serious problem.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

“What Is Hypnosis” Describe the Psychological and...

What is hypnosis? Hypnosis has amazing benefits and can enhance people lives in many ways. In modern times, it is unfortunate that Hypnosis is seen as a method of entertaining people instead of it being respected for its true aspects. In reality, hypnosis bears little resemblance to these stereotyped images, as it can improve focus and general well-being mentally and physically. It is a cooperative interaction in which the participant responds to the suggestions of the hypnotist. It can also be described as a sleep like trance state or better expressed as a relaxed creative mind, focused by the individual. Despite stories about people being hypnotised out of their consent hypnosis requires voluntary participation on the part of the†¦show more content†¦These are around 4 to 8 cycles per second. Theta waves are associated with a much deeper calmness and serenity. This is where a person can access their intuition and their gateway to learning. Interestingly, while driving a long a route that we know very well we can go into Theta waves, if suddenly another car came towards us in a dangerous way we would suddenly go straight into Beta Waves so that we can drive safely. The reason we do this, is when we are engaging in activity we know so well we can mentally disengage and indulge in creativity. The last frequency which is the slowest is around 1 - 4 and this called Delta Waves. This state is complete rest and detached awareness. It can be described as a very deep hypnotic state and sleep. We can never go down to zero as this would mean we are brain dead and as we fall asleep we go from beta, alpha, theta waves and then delta. When we wake up we do the same in reverse as we cannot jump from one to the other. This is the state that allows us to access our subconscious mind therefore, we can perform hypnosis successfully. The psychological aspects of hypnotherapy are associated with people’s behaviour. Two of the most recognised psychologists are Stanley Milgram and Soloman Asch. Soloman Asch constructed a series of studies of social influence known as conformity and obedience in psychological terms, conformity refers to an individuals tendency to follow the unspoken rulesShow MoreRelatedWhat Is Hypnosis? Describe the Psychological and Physical Aspects of Hypnosis and Discuss the Role of Relaxation in Hypnotherapy.2077 Words   |  9 Pageswords 2003 What is Hypnosis? Describe the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis and discuss the role of relaxation in hypnotherapy. For this essay I will start by looking at the question what is hypnosis? I will look at the way hypnosis is perceived and look at some of the reasons for this, a brief history of hypnosis and some of the individuals who have had a hand in shaping its path to what it is today. When describing the psychological and physical aspects I will look at personalRead Moreâ€Å"What Is Hypnosis?† Describe the Physical and Psychological Aspects of Hypnosis and Discuss the Role of Relaxation in Hypnotherapy.2086 Words   |  9 Pages2017 â€Å"What is hypnosis?† Describe the physical and psychological aspects of hypnosis and discuss the role of relaxation in hypnotherapy. Hypnosis is a very natural state of consciousness in which we are able to completely relax our mind and body, it is not in any way a magic spell that has been put on a person, nor does it hold any mystical powers or is it supernatural in anyway. Hypnosis causes the person hypnotised to display and experience both physical and psychological changes. RelaxationRead MoreWhat Is Hypnosis? Describe the Psychological and Physical Aspects of Hypnosis and Discuss the Role of Relaxation in Hypnotherapy.2059 Words   |  9 PagesWhat Is Hypnosis? Describe the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis and discuss the role of relaxation in Hypnotherapy. Before we can begin to discuss anything about hypnotherapy, it is important to discuss what hypnosis actually is. This essay aims to arrive at a definition of hypnosis by describing the psychological and physical aspects and looking at it use by hypnotherapists and the role of relaxation within this. The history of hypnosis dates back to the times of ancient Egypt andRead MoreWhat Is Hypnosis? Describe the Psychological and Physical Aspects of Hypnosis and Discuss the Role of Relaxation in Hypnotherapy.1886 Words   |  8 Pagesthis essay will explore how hypnosis has been defined in both the past and the present. I will explain my understanding of hypnosis as well as exploring the history of hypnosis, its origins and how it was first practiced. I shall also detail some of the techniques used and the psychological and physical changes which occur during hypnosis. Finally I will discuss the role of relaxation in hypnotherapy and look at some of the reasons that individuals wish to undergo hypnosis and the benefits they mayRead MorePsychological and Physical Aspects of Hypnosis and the Role of Relaxation in Hypnotherapy2052 Words   |  9 Pages â€Å"What is hypnosis?† Describe the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis and discuss the role of relaxation in hypnotherapy Hypnosis can be traced as far back as the ancient Egyptians where it was used as a means of curing illnesses through suggestion, it was known as the curing sleep. Hypnosis can be described as a sleep like trance and a state of heightened relaxation, that hypnotists today call a trance state this is where you are more susceptible to suggestion and influence. HypnosisRead MoreEssay on The Multi-Layered Nature of Hypnosis2466 Words   |  10 PagesEssay Title: â€Å"What is Hypnosis† Describe the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis and discuss the role of relaxation in Hypnotherapy 2189 words Hypnosis is a complex concept. Forms of hypnosis have been around for thousands of years, with a more detailed historical account of the development and practice of modern hypnosis being available largely from the 18th Century onwards. No one definition of what we understand under the term hypnosis is exactly the same, in the sameRead MoreChrysalis Year One What is Hypnosis?2473 Words   |  10 Pagesâ€Å"What is Hypnosis?† Describe the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis and discuss the role of relaxation in Hypnotherapy. ‘No-one really knows what hypnosis is; this is part of the attraction of the view that there really is no such thing.’ (Waterfield 2011, Introduction) Hypnosis, as a term and as a practice, is shrouded in centuries of mystery and surrounded by misconception. Even the word itself, derived from the Greek ‘hypnos’, meaning sleep, is misleading; most peopleRead MoreHypnosis Past and Present2242 Words   |  9 Pagesanswering the question What is Hypnosis?. It will describe the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis and will be discussing the role of relaxation in hypnotherapy. It will give a brief history of hypnosis. It will look back over the centurys to the many people who have influenced the progression of hypnosis, to how it is seen and practiced to this day. It will discuss the role of relaxation and what happens to achieve relaxation. What is Hypnosis? Hypnosis is nothing new, in factRead MoreDebate Topics6648 Words   |  27 PagesHypnotherapy is therapy that is undertaken with a subject in hypnosis.[citation needed] The word hypnosis (from the Greek hypnos, sleep) is an abbreviation of James Braid s (1841) term neuro-hypnotism, meaning sleep of the nervous system. A person who is hypnotized displays certain unusual characteristics and propensities, compared with a non-hypnotized subject, most notably hyper-suggestibility, which some authorities have considered a sine qua non of hypnosis. For example, Clark L. HullRead More‚Äà ºDiscuss the relationship between stress, anxiety, habits and phobias and describe how you would treat these issues with hypnotherapy‚Äà ¹.4857 Words   |  20 Pagesï » ¿ Title: â€Å"Discuss the relationship between stress, anxiety, habits and phobias and describe how you would treat these issues with hypnotherapy†. Module Five: Hypnotherapy and Counselling Skills Date: 27th April 2013 2000 words INTRODUCTION This essay will briefly research evidence on the four conditions and demonstrate the impact that stress has on our everyday lives whilst showing how it is linked to the other conditions of anxiety

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Family And Its Structure As Described By Solomon Essay

Topic in Solomon: I am focusing on the family and its structure as described by Solomon in chapter 10. Delving deep into the concepts of extended and nuclear families, family life cycles, different roles and responsibilities in families. The families I will study (see background section for more information) are actually quite distinct in terms of structure and age. Therefore, I will have a glimpse into interactions within the families and between them. I will observe how decisions are made differently in my family--whether they’re autonomic or syncretic. Solomon describes autonomoic decisions as those made by one family member, whereas syncretic ones involve others’ input as well. I can see if there actually is gender convergence within the families, as most of them are forward thinking and liberal. According to Solomon, gender convergence is when roles stereotyped to a certain gender are flipped and taken on by the other. Background: My dad’s side of our extended family is composed of three nuclear families: my family; my dad’s brother’s family; and my dad’s sister’s family. None of us are very close due to issues dating back to when my dad and his siblings were kids. However, we celebrate the major holidays together for the sake of my grandparents, and because we all live in the Chicago area. Hypothesis: I believe the three families in attendance will not mingle or mix much. Because they are my dad’s family, roles that my mom traditionally takes on (like makingShow MoreRelatedThe Puzzle Of A Perfect Puzzle1590 Words   |  7 Pagesand become someone who they are not. But at the end of the day, that is their identity. Andrew Solomon wrote a book named â€Å"Far From the Tree† about parents, children and their search for identity. He described different experiences and situations were people who had disabilities and those around them struggled to accept their reality but who at the end were able to find meaning in their situations. Solomon brought to the front of our minds many key points which people who have not experience thoseRead MoreSong Of Solomon By Toni Morrison1364 Words   |  6 PagesReyes Luna 1 Song of Solomon Toni Morrison L.A.P. Topic #2 Bairon Reyes Luna Mr. Amoroso Pd. 3 A.P. Literature 10/05/17 Reyes Luna 2 The freedom that awaits in the breezes of the air lures the appetent soul. It propels many to leap despite the uncertainty of having wings, hopeful that the gusts of wind would suffice and carry the weight of their lives. An infatuation with the wonders of flight as a form of escape, is frequently juxtaposed with the desire to fight, choosing confrontation by remainingRead More Solomon Northups Twelve Years A Slave Essay2715 Words   |  11 Pages After reading Solomon Northups Twelve Years A Slave, I was overwhelmed with his experience. He was born a free man in New York in 1808. In 1841 he was tricked, captured, and sold into slavery in Washington, D.C. Throughout his book, Solomon goes into details describing his life as a slave, which validates our critique of slavery. As abolitionists, it is our duty to do something about slavery. Although, as abolitionists, we have a history of disagreements among us, it time to put a stop toRead MoreKings David and Solomon: from 10th Century B.C.E. to Present Day Controversy1883 Words   |  8 PagesKings David and Solomon: From 10th Century B.C.E. to present day Controversy Introduction Perhaps the most famous Old Testament Kings, as well as two of the most famous Hebrew heroes of all time were, King Solomon and his father King David. Their stories have been told time and time again throughout the ages: passed down orally for centuries, then later reproduced and shared all over the globe as intricate portions of many historical religious texts including the Torah, the Koran and the HolyRead MoreMitochondrial Pathway Of Mitochondrial And Mitochondrial Permeability Transition977 Words   |  4 Pages(MPT) pore which is controlled by members of the Bcl-2 family proteins. This large family of proteins is defined by the presence of conserved Bcl-2 homology domains (BH1 to BH4). Up to 30 Bcl-2 family genes have been identified in mammals, which have either pro-apoptotic or anti-apoptotic functions. Some of the anti-apoptotic members include Bcl-2 itself, Bcl-XL, Bcl-w, BAG and Mcl-1 which possess all domains of BH1 to BH4. The pro-apoptotic family proteins can be divide d into two subgroups: consistsRead MoreTwelve Years A Slave By David Wilson1193 Words   |  5 PagesTwelve Years a Slave is based upon a true story and autobiography about a free African American man who had to fight for his life as well as his freedom after being captured. Solomon Northup was born a free man in Minerva, New York. Northup was known around town as an excellent fiddle player who had a wife, Anne Hampton and three children. In 1841 two men offered him an opportunity to get paid to play in a music show, but was then drugged by them and sold him into slavery. He was enslaved for 12Read MoreInterpreting Archaeology And Historical Texts Essay1951 Words   |  8 Pagesrecovered. Due to the methodological problems, one can encounter in analyzing Hebrew Scriptures, one must approach with caution when taking into account the historical authenticity found in archeology for the Patriarchs, Exodus, Joshua, David, and Solomon. Most of the archaeological discrepancies in the Patriarchs are interferences with the current understanding of timelines. In Genesis 24 during the Patriarchs there Eliezer went to water his camels however it is understood that the domesticationRead MoreBible Summary2905 Words   |  12 PagesIsrael’s domain. But even mighty King David falls and commits adultery and murder. After this, things go downhill ... militarily, spiritually, and with his own family. 1 Kings - Solomon, Davids son, becomes Israels wisest king. His reign is peaceful, and he enjoys great wealth. Solomon built the first temple, a grand structure. But for all his wisdom, he fails God by allowing his foreign wives to lead him into worshiping other gods. When he dies, the kingdom splits apart. Davids descendantsRead More The African-American Nightmare Exposed in Black Literature Essay2231 Words   |  9 PagesAfrican-American Nightmare Exposed in Olaudah Equiano, Narrative of Frederick Douglass, Song of Solomon, and Push    The American Dream was founded on the concept that all men are created equal(Jefferson 729) and that everyone has the capability and resources to pull themselves up by their bootstraps. The Declaration of Independence was written so Americans could achieve this dream, but was not written with the African slave in mind. The African slave was never intended to be a part of thisRead MoreHuckleberry Finn2439 Words   |  10 Pagesthis novel when it was first released. This author takes the people’s reactions and builds upon the ideas and reveals how the novel was in all actuality a genius piece of literature. A person’s original thoughts about this critical piece could be described as agreeable and commendable. Some reasoning behind this would be the quote stated from the article â€Å"they rejected its portrayal of a slave and an uneducated, poor boy as the most typical kind of American citizens† was reasonably true. People from

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Ocean pollution free essay sample

Ocean pollution Hannah Waddell Ocean pollution is a growing problem and affects people as well. It is a growing problem that needs to be stopped and controlled immediately. Taking care of our water will be beneficial for our long-term survival. If we put off this problem any longer, the prices will only escalade even higher. We need water to survive and the ocean is one of the greatest water suppliers. The actions we take or do not take will affect the future in either a negative or a positive way. Something must be done about it and we are going to need help from every country if we want to make an impact. The idea that the ocean is indestructible and excessively big to be effected by humans is now gone. ThinkQuest wrote a very informative article about pollution and one of their main points was, if people know more about pollution in the ocean, then they will know more about how to stop pollution. We will write a custom essay sample on Ocean pollution or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page They are completely right; not very many people realize how much their daily lives can affect lives. We need to make the world more educated about how they can make a change. This article also talks about the many forms of pollution that many people do not realize. Such as, garbage dumping, wastewater, boat pollution, agriculture, land clearing, and most importantly, people. They also made a strong statement saying, We must stop these problems because if we dont, we will hurt and maybe even kill our sea life. Our fish and sea creatures are suffering the most from our actions and the sad thing is, is that hey can do nothing to stop it. Contaminating the oceans will damage every living thing whether we like it or not. One of the biggest contenders is oil contamination. Oil can kill wildlife and contribute to economic losses and climate change. A study recently done on oil pollution by Oceana says that an oil spill could be impossible to clean up. Oil spills are transported occasionally and are very prone to accidents, which can be catastrophic and harmful. There was an oil spill recently in the Gulf of Mexico which [released] 200 million gallons of dangerous and damaging oil into the marine environment. This catastrophe still has not stopped harming our oceans. Of course, nothing is done on purpose and never planned but we need to do everything in our power to prevent this problem from happening. There is one constant argument that is commonly heard is that ocean pollution is necessary for industry, and more industry means more Jobs, which means a better economy. I understand this argument but also their will always be alternative ways to roduce things we need. There is natural energy that we can use that does not affect the ecosystem the way ocean pollution does. Do people not realize the every living organism needs water to survive and that most of the earth is water? I do not understand why we are not more careful about what we put in it then. The ocean serves as a source of energy, raw materials and most of all food like fish and seaweed. Taking action would be greatly advised in this situation if you want the future of our world to be flourishing. ocean pollution By hannahw195

Saturday, April 4, 2020

Impact Of Economics And Science During The 19Th Century Essays

Impact Of Economics And Science During The 19Th Century Steve Dohl 3/13/01 Pre IB His/Geo The impact of Economics and Science during the 19th Century In the period from c. 1850-1914 economics and science were changing the world and lifestyles. Adam Smith introduced the idea of capitalism and gave the idea that mercantilism is bad (lessie faire). Smith said that self-interest and individual efforts benefit society and contribute to the common good. Malthus and Ricardo had pretty much the same idea. The both believed that the poor should help themselves and not rely on the government. Malthus believed that if we helped the poor they would have more babies and that would mean unavoidable poverty, famine, and misery. Bentham and Mill had the exact opposite idea of Malthus and Ricardo. Bentham and Mill believed that the laws and the government should help the poor and improve living conditions. Science also had an impact on the society and the way we live our lives. Darwin (c.1850) developed the theory of Evolution and wrote two books about it, one of those books being Origin of Species. Social Darwinism is applied to people or groups of people. Mendel, an Austrian munk, studied genetics through pea plants. He discovered that every offspring inherits traits from their parents. Pavlov studied conditioned responses. He held a treat in front of the dogs nose and rang a bell and it salivated. After awhile he just had to ring the bell for the dog to salivate. Music Essays

Sunday, March 8, 2020

The University Of Oxford Essays - Oxbridge, Russell Group

The University Of Oxford Essays - Oxbridge, Russell Group The University Of Oxford The University of Oxford The University of Oxford in Oxford, England is a very old and distinguished institution. Oxford University has been in existence for around nine centuries (Brief 1). It is the oldest English speaking university in the world (History 1). There is no exact date when the University was established, but there is some evidence of teaching going on around 1096 (Kenny 2). There are said to be several different founders of the University, but there is no way to designate one over another. Oxford was always struggling to prove it self as being a serious university. This is because of its great rival university in Paris, which got most of the spotlight in the earlier days. Oxford is rich in its origins and history, which is due to its extremely old background. Even though Oxford is such a distinguished institution it does have a past of problems. The University has a history of altercations with the townspeople, which involves fights, major crimes, and conflicts over the unfair treatment the t ownspeople received due to the University. The Universitys relations with authority came with an abundance of privileges. The king and other leaders always put the Universitys needs before the townspeople. Oxford also demanded a great deal from its students, whose lives revolved around the University. Oxford was an extremely difficult school whose courses were of the highest quality. Oxford University is a very important part of Englands history and society today. Oxford Universitys origins, relations with town and authority, students, and curriculum make it of the most important and significant institutions of all time. Oxford University has had many situations, people, and events that have helped in its growth. Oxfords location is in an ideal place for a major university. It is located on the confluence of the Rivers Cherwill and Thames (Oxford 1). Since Oxford is not a great cathedral city its location is one of the things that helped it gain people and popularity in its earlier days (Leff 77). The fact that royal and religious people surrounded Oxford also attracted visitors and students to its whereabouts (Leff 77). Henry I built a palace at Woodstock, which is only a few miles down the road from Oxford (Leff 77). There are also two monasteries built around Oxford, which brought the religious people to the city (Leff 77). One of the major events in Oxfords past, which helped to bring students to the city, is when King Henry III banned English students from attending Paris University in 1167 (Story 4). This forced the English students who were attending Paris to come to Oxford if they wanted to continue their studies. King Henry IIIs ban greatly boosted the number of students attending Oxford University. These are a few of the major things that helped in the growth of Oxford University. The origins of an individual being the head of the school at Oxford are unknown to this day, but there are bits and pieces of historic information that show early leaders. There is some mention of a master of schools around 1201, but there is no chancellor in existence at that time (Thompson 2). In 1214 a charter of liberties, this involves the punishment of the townspeople, contains the first reference to a chancellor (Leff 79). The year 1214 marked the inauguration of a chancellor at Oxford University, whose name is Robert Grosseteste (Leff 79). The chancellor at Oxford symbolized something different than at its rival Paris University. At Oxford the chancellor stands for self-rule because, he was in the society of masters. While at Paris the chancellor was not in the society of masters so he would symbolize alien rule. Probably one of the earliest known teachers is Theobald Stampenisis in 1117 (Leff 77). He taught European fame and is said to have had around fifty pupils while he w as at Oxford (Leff 77). Emo of Friesland was the first student to attend Oxford from overseas in 1190 (History 1). His arrival marked the beginning of Oxford Universitys tradition of international scholarships. These are just a few of the notable leaders who brought about great things to Oxford University. Oxford Universitys relations with authority were something like a parent

Friday, February 21, 2020

SWOT Analysis and Table Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

SWOT Analysis and Table - Essay Example Strengths in this market environment is an internal organizational quality that enables the business to survive and compete against other similar stores, e.g. good positive cash flow. A weakness is also an internal organizational problem that affects it negatively while giving an opportunity to rivals such as accumulating bad debt. An opportunity comes basically from the external environment such as a rival’s inability to meet demand. Finally a threat is also a basically external matter, e.g. a rival’s sales promotion campaigns. SWOT analysis enables the organization to plan and execute its programmes of action with a degree of certainty about the external environmental factors that influence its own existence. A baby store would necessarily be faced with a number of external economic influences such as the government policies on taxation, interest rates, inflation, money supply, balance of payments, Gross Domestic Product, National Income, foreign governments’ protectionist policies and so on. Imported baby-care products would be more expensive if the government imposes a higher import tariff on them. The government might impose higher corporation taxes in order to control inflation. This would affect the business in a number of ways. For instance a baby store which depends much more on imported products would find that higher tariffs to be a threat to its survival, especially in the long run. It might find it difficult to reduce prices to match its rivals’ prices. Rivals might be selling domestic products that are not subject to taxes except some GST or BTT. This gives them an advantage over rivals that sell imported products. Higher sales taxes imposed on baby care products by the government in order to control inflation also could affect them. Baby stores are affected by such taxes because now people buy less (McIntyre-Mills, 2004, p.373). Next